Recognising the existence of a “third gender”, the Indian Supreme Court has forced the government and the states of the country to identify transgender and give them right to the same social benefits and equal access to education and to use the rest of the population.
“The recognition of transgender as a third gender is not a social or medical issue but a matter of human rights, transgender are citizens of this country and have the right to education and all other rights” said the judge KS Radhakrishnan.
From all castes, the Indian transsexuals, called Hijra, would be about one million.These are usually men who do not identify as such. Some decide to be emasculated and see themselves as asexual.
This community is in India for four centuries. At the time of the Maharajas, the eunuchs were responsible for ensuring the harems. The Hijra have long been feared by the population because of their religious practices and beliefs that affect many communities.
Today regarded as pariahs by the Indian company, the Hijra suffer from difficult social situation and are very affected by AIDS, many living in prostitution.
The decision of the Supreme Court follows an action brought in 2012 by a group led by Laxmi Narayan Tripathi, an activist of the cause that called for the recognition of the rights of the eunuchs and transgender.
Like India, several countries, including Australia, Germany and Nepal have recognised the existence of a gender neutral. Despite this decision, the Indian Supreme Court fused in December to decriminalise homosexuality remains a crime in this country.